About the Caudron-Renault company
The Caudron company had build a lot of biplane aircrafts during WW I and entered in the bigger Louis Renault company at the end of the 20's.
Louis Renault, a very skilled inventor and engineer, had chosen Marcel Riffard as the technical director of Caudron.
Marcel Riffard became quickly very famous when his racers won a lot of races, as the Deutsch de la Meurthe cup, before to win (with Michel Détroyat as pilot) the Greve Trophy and the Thompson Trophy in September 1936.
She was ordered very late, after mid-1938, and worst, she was never affected to a regular perfecting unit of the Armée de l’Air during the peace time.
After the beginning of the Guderian’s Blitzkrieg, the Armée de l’Air affected the Caudron 714 fighter to the Polish Groupe de Chasse I/145.
A bit too late…
A lightweight fighter
Facing a strong opposition from deciders
With a take off weight of 1713 kg, the performances were better :
- 390 kph at sea level,
- 476 kph at 4,500 m (480 kph at 5000 m),
- the climbing times being:
- 4,000 m ... 7'
- 5,000 m ... 9'
- 6,000 m ... 11' 22"
- 7,000 m ... 15'
- 8,000 m ... 20'
- 9,000 m ... 29'12"
Their losses were even worst than the ones of the Potez 63-11 Recce plane during the Battle of France!
Alone among all the lightweight fighters of the WW II, the Caudron CR 714 Cyclone reached the operational status during a true war time.
Moreover, she fought the Luftwaffe she was intended to fight.
Nevertheless, he expressed strong regrets about the lack of detailed service manual and, worst, a total lack of spare parts.
These victories have been obtained in 10 days, at the beginning of June 1940.
The conditions between the June 2 and June 12 were much more dramatic !
So, the CEMA beloved Morane fighter, in a good fighter group, with a much more steady strength, did not obtain better results than the constantly vilified Caudron Cyclone.
If it had be done, this fighter could be better known, more reliable and the spars would have been collected in sufficient amount.
In such a case, the Cyclone fighter could obtain very much striking results !